DECLARACIÓN INTERNACIONAL DE SOLIDARIDAD CON la Ley de Semillas DE VENEZUELA

DECLARACIÓN INTERNACIONAL DE SOLIDARIDAD CON la Ley de Semillas DE VENEZUELA

El día 23 de diciembre de 2015, la Asamblea Nacional de Venezuela aprobó una nueva Ley de Semillas que prohíbe la importación, producción y siembra de semillas transgénicas o genéticamente modificadas (OGM); y protege la producción e intercambio libre de variedades de semillas pertenecientes a las comunidades agrícolas de Venezuela (indígenas, campesinas y afrodescendientes), entre otras disposiciones.

La prohibición de los OGM se basa en el principio de precaución, dado que los efectos de la tecnología transgénica aún no se conocen completamente y lo que se ha documentado hasta hoy, en términos de impacto a la salud humana y el medio ambiente, suscita preocupaciones significativas. A esto se suman las preocupaciones relacionadas al impacto socio-económico y a los derechos humanos de los pequeños productores y productoras, quienes conforman la mayor parte de la población que padece hambre en el mundo. La protección especial de semillas adaptadas localmente, reconoce la importancia de la conservación local para mantener el máximo de diversidad genética. Algo cada vez más importante para para enfrentar con resiliencia el cambio climático. Adicionalmente, la ley es producto de la formulación de políticas desde abajo con apoyo institucional, al estilo “abajo-arriba”; resultado de un proceso de tres años en el cual movimientos sociales se opusieron a un proyecto de ley de semillas que tenía franco respaldo del sector agroindustrial. Contrariando los intereses de dichos sectores, estos movimientos presionaron para obtener una legislación más transformadora, y a través de una serie de consultas públicas-participativas en todo el país, desarrollaron esta alternativa.

La aprobación de la Ley marca una victoria histórica para los movimientos de agroecología y soberanía alimentaria en Venezuela y más allá. Es quizás una de las pocas leyes nacionales en el mundo que garantiza y protege el derecho de los campesinos a las semillas. Sin embargo, a pesar del amplio apoyo nacional y el interés internacional que ha cosechado, la ley está siendo atacada por representantes de la industria y sus seguidores por considerarla “anti-científica”. Esto coloca a la Ley de Semillas en riesgo de ser anulada por la Asamblea Nacional actual, la cual se constituye de una mayoría opositora, desde enero de este año.

Como científicos, profesionales y defensores involucrados en alimentación y agricultura, ponemos en duda y cuestionamos los fundamentos de estos ataques. La idea central de la Ley es priorizar las prácticas de agricultura agroecológica, sosteniéndose en el creciente consenso científico sobre la importancia de esta transición de la agricultura convencional a sistemas de agricultura basados en la ecología, que valoran los conocimientos de los productores y productoras locales y los involucran en la toma de decisiones. Esto ha sido enfatizado por ejemplo en la Evaluación Internacional del Papel del Conocimiento, la Ciencia y la Tecnología en el Desarrollo Agrícola (IAASTD por sus siglas en inglés) desarrollado por 400 destacados expertos mundiales y respaldado por 59 países.

Por lo tanto, estamos acompañando con mucho interés esta emergente lucha en defensa de la Ley de Semillas de diciembre del 2015 y su implementación, no solamente por sus implicaciones para Venezuela, sino también por todas las posibles implicaciones de mayor alcance, en un escenario donde ocurre una consolidación corporativa del acaparamiento de los recursos genéticos, tan necesarios para el presente y futuro de la seguridad y soberanía alimentaria. Apoyamos a los productores y productoras de alimentos, las y los científicos y los movimientos de base local que en Venezuela impulsan esta defensa y esta construcción, instando a la Asamblea Nacional a que mantenga la integridad de esta Ley y apoye su implementación plena.

 

 

SUSCRIBEN:

  1. Olivier De Schutter, Co-Chair, International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES-Food), Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food (2008-2014), Member of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Professor, University of Louvain, Belgium

  2. Jack Kloppenburg, Professor Emeritus, University of Wisconsin-Madison and founder, Open Source Seed Initiative, USA

  3. Sofia Monsalve, Secretary General, FIAN International

  4. Frances Moore Lappé, Small Planet Institute, USA 

  5. Miguel Altieri, Professor, University of California Berkeley, USA

  6. Raj Patel, Research Professor, Lyndon B Johnson School of Public Affairs, University of Texas at Austin

  7. Fred Magdoff, Professor Emeritus, Plant and Soil Science, University of Vermont, USA

  8. Philip McMichael, Professor, Cornell University, USA

  9. Ian Scoones, Professor, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK

  10. Eric Holt-Giménez, Food First/The Institute for Food and Development Policy, USA

  11. Jan Douwe van der Ploeg, Professor, Wageningen University, Netherlands

  12. Bernardo Mançano Fernandes, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Brazil

  13. Gayatri Menon, Assistant Professor, Azim Premji University, India

  14. Esteve Corbera, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

  15. Frederick Mills, Professor, Bowie State University, USA

  16. Anna Lappé, Small Planet Institute, USA 

  17. Jennifer Clapp, Canada Research Chair in Global Food Security and Sustainability and Professor, School of Environment, Resources and Sustainability, University of Waterloo, Canada

  18. Ivette Perfecto, Professor, School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, USA

  19. Juliette Majot, Executive Director, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, USA

  20. Sophia Murphy, Researcher and Scholar, University of British Columbia, Canada

  21. Alastair Iles, Professor, University of California Berkeley, USA

  22. Susanna Hecht, Professor, Luskin School of Public Affairs and Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA, USA

  23. Nettie Weibe, Farmer and Professor, St. Andrew’s College – University of Saskatchewan, Canada

  24. Tamara Wattnam, M.Sc. in Agroecology and PhD candidate in Sociology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

  25. M. Jahi Chappell, PhD, Senior Research Fellow (as of August 2016), Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, Coventry University, UK

  26. Nora McKeon, Terra Nuova, Italy

  27. Mindi Schneider, Assistant Professor, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  28. Rachel Bezner Kerr, Associate Professor, Department of Development Sociology, Cornell University, USA

  29. Peter Newell, Professor of International Relations, University of Sussex, UK

  30. Robin Broad, Professor, School of International Service, American University, USA

  31. Tony Weis, Associate Professor, University of Western Ontario, Canada

  32. John Vandermeer, Asa Gray Distinguished University Professor, University of Michigan, USA

  33. Edmund Oh, Associate Professor, ELM Graduate School, HELP University, Malaysia

  34. Jessica Duncan, Assistant Professor, Wageningen University, Netherlands

  35. Josh Brem-Wilson, Research Fellow, Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, Coventry University, UK

  36. Laura Enríquez, Professor, Department of Sociology, University of California Berkeley, USA

  37. Elizabeth Fitting, Graduate Coordinator & Associate Professor, Dalhousie University, USA

  38. Sarah Lyon, Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies, University of Kentucky, USA

  39. Simon Nicholson, Director of the Global Environmental Politics Program, American University, USA

  40. Molly D. Anderson, William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of Food Studies at Middlebury College, USA

  41. Brian Tokar, Lecturer in Environmental Studies, University of Vermont, USA

  42. Dr Francisco Dominguez, Head of Latin American Studies, Middlesex University, London, UK

  43. Marc Edelman, Professor of Anthropology, Hunter College & the Graduate Center, City University of New York, USA

  44. Wendy Wolford, Polson Professor of Development Sociology, Cornell University, USA

  45. Timothy A. Wise, Researcher, Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University, USA

  46. Michel Pimbert, Professor, The Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience at Coventry University, UK

  47. John Bellamy Foster, Professor, University of Oregon and Editor, Monthly Review, USA

  48. Hannah Wittman, Associate Professor, Faculty of Land and Food Systems and Academic Director, Centre for Sustainable Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Canada

  49. Harriet Friedmann, Professor, University of Toronto, Canada

  50. Jun Borras, Professor, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  51. Eva Frankova, Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University,  Czech Republic

  52. David Primrose, Department of Political Economy, University of Sydney, Australia

  53. Stephen Bartlett, Agricultural Missions, USA

  54. Dave Murphy, Food Democracy Now!, USA

  55. Joan P Mencher, Emerita Professor, Anthropology, City University of New York (CUNY), USA

  56. Anuradha Mittal, Executive Director, The Oakland Institute, USA

  57. Dr. Charles Francis, University of Nebraska, USA

  58. Natalia Mamonova, PhD Researcher, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  59. Sara Keene, PhD Candidate, Cornell University, USA

  60. Huei-Ling Lai, PhD Researcher, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  61. Judith McGeary, Esq., Farm and Ranch Freedom Alliance, USA

  62. Youjin Chung, PhD Candidate, Development Sociology, Cornell University, USA

  63. Wittawat Prayookwong, alumnus, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  64. Shoshana Perrey, Graduate Student in Development Sociology at Cornell University and Gardener & Chef at Liberation Supper Club, USA

  65. Arnim Scheidel, PhD, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  66. Lisa Stokke, Executive director, The Next 7 Project, USA

  67. Pierre Merlet, AGTER, Nicaragua/France

  68. Sharmini Selvarajah, Research Programme Manager, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  69. Amelie Huber, PhD Candidate, Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain

  70. Elyse Mills, Researcher, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  71. Alberto Alonso-Fradejas, Transnational Institute (TNI), Netherlands & Instituto de Estudios Agrarios y Rurales (IDEAR), Guatemala

  72. Tsegaye Moreda, PhD Candidate, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  73. Elizabeth Henderson, Organic Farmer, Peacework Organic CSA, Newark, New York, USA

  74. Hana Bernardová, AMPI (Association of Local Food Systems), Czech Republic

  75. Salena Tramel, PhD Researcher, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  76. Will Fantle, Co-director, The Cornucopia Institute, USA

  77. Mercia Andrews, Rural Women’s Assembly, Southern Africa

  78. Nancy Romer, Professor Emerita, Brooklyn College, City University of New York, USA

  79. Grace Gershuny, Faculty, Green Mountain College, MS in Sustainable Food Systems, USA

  80. Andrianna Natsoulas, Food Voices, USA

  81. Martin Dagoberto, Mass. Right to Know GMOs, Massachusetts, USA

  82. Ken Thesing, ICR, Rome, Italy

  83. Eneko Garmendia, Ikerbasque Research Fellow, Spain

  84. Ben McKay, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  85. Hannes Lammler, founding member of the European Cooperatives of Longo Mai, France

  86. Amy & Bryan Willoughby, Patchwork Farm, Copper Hill, VA, USA

  87. Russell Dale, Science and Society, USA

  88. Angela Adrar, Ecohermanas, USA

  89. Andrew Kang Bartlett, Food in Neighborhoods Community Coalition, USA

  90. Tania Salerno, PhD Candidate, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands

  91. Marta Zygadło, Lawyer and Masters Student of Food, Society and International Food Governance at Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Spain

  92. LaDonna Sanders Redmond, Campaign for Food and Community Justice Now, USA

  93. Laurence Levine, Co-Founder, Kids Can Make a Difference, USA

  94. Antonio Roman-Alcalá, Alumnus, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands and Founder, San Francisco Urban Agriculture Alliance, USA

  95. Giulio Locco, Food Activist, Italy and Netherlands

  96. Denise O’Brien, Farmer and Farmer Activist, USA

  97. Jane Hodge, Rise & Root Farm, USA

  98. Jose Oliva, Food Chain Workers Alliance, USA

  99. Sarah Laeng-Gilliatt, Owner, Main Street Cheese LLC, USA

  100. Monica Ibacache, Beyond Organic Design, USA

  101. Christina M. Schiavoni, PhD Researcher, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  102. Madison Monty,Northeast Organic Farming Association of Vermont, USA

  103. Kelly Moltzen, Franciscan Action Network, USA

  104. Annie Shattuck, Fellow, Food First, USA

  105. Zainil Zainuddin, Local Food & Urban Agriculture Advocate/Researcher and PhD Candidate, RMIT University, Australia

  106. Fern Gale Estrow, FGE Food & Nutrition Team, USA

  107. Joann Lo, Food Chain Workers Alliance, USA

  108. Denis Mpagaze, Journalist, Author, Lecturer and Right to Food Activist,Tanzania

  109. Arnaud Apoteker, Coordinator of the International Monsanto Tribunal, France

  110. Klara Kyralova, Friends of the Earth Czech Republic

  111. John Wilson, African Food Sovereignty Activist

  112. Yunan Xu, PhD Student, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  113. Karen Washington, Farmer, Rise & Root Farm, USA

  114. Rev. Dele, Nature’s Friends, USA

  115. Johanna Rosen, Community Organizer and Communications Specialist, Massachusetts, USA

  116. Philip L Bereano, Professor Emeritus, Technology and Public Policy, University of Washington, USA

  117. Claire Robinson, Editor, GMWatch, UK

  118. Elsadig Elsheikh, Researcher, University of California Berkeley, USA

  119. Dr. Laura Rival, Department of International Development, University of Oxford, UK

  120. Cécile Famerée, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Netherlands

  121. Erika Allen, Growing Power – Chicago, USA

  122. Shalmali Guttal, Focus on the Global South, India

  123. Colleen Cordes, Director of Outreach and Development, The Nature Institute

  124. Michael O’Callaghan, Director, Global Vision Foundation, Switzerland

  125. Afsar Jafri, Focus on the Global South, India

  126. Prof. Dr Arpad Pusztai, FRSE, formerly at the Rowett Research Institute, UK

  127. Prof. Dr. Susan Bardocz, FRSE, formerly at the Rowett Research Institute, UK

  128. Judith Hitchman, President, Urgenci International Network for Community Supported Agriculture

  129. Catherine Ponte, Master of Landscape Architecture, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, USA

  130. Margaret Nakato, Katosi Women Development Trust, Uganda

  131. Simon Anoumou Todzro, West Africa Producers and Consumers Network

  132. Gertrude Kenyangi Kabusimbi, Support for Women in Agriculture and Environment (SWAGEN), Uganda

  133. Hannah Twomey, Alumnus University of Oxford, UK

  134. Beatriz Gascó Verdier, Diputada en Corts Valencianes, Spain

  135. Ivo Zdráhal, Associate Professor, Mendel University, Brno, Czech Republic

  136. Scott Freeman, Professorial Lecturer, American University, USA

  137. Laura Calvet-Mir, Associate Researcher, Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, UAB, Spain

  138. Whitney Richardson, The Kitchen Community, USA

  139. Frank Ademba, Program Officer, MVIWATA- Kilimanjaro Network of Small Scale Farmers Groups  in Tanzania

  140. David Raby, International Committee, Green Party of England & Wales, PhD University of Liverpool, UK

  141. Jonathan D. Hill, Professor, Southern Illinois University, and President, Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America (SALSA), USA

  142. Emilio Rodríguez Caballero, Postdoc, Microbial Surface Communities and Processes Group, Multiphase Chemistry Department, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany

  143. Juan Manuel Castellanos Obregón, Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology and Sociology, Universidad de Caldas, Colombia

  144. Wendy Godek, Managua, Nicaragua

  145. GRAIN

  146. ETC Group

  147. FIAN International

  148. IFOAM – Organics International

  149. Food First/The Institute for Food and Development Policy, USA

  150. Alianza Biodiversidad, Latin America

  151. Terra Nuova, Italy

  152. La Red por una América Latina Libre de Transgénicos, Latin America

  153. El Grupo Semillas, Colombia

  154. La Red de Coordinación en Biodiversidad, Costa Rica

  155. Sociedad Científica Latinoamericana de Agroecología (SOCLA), Latin America

  156. National Family Farm Coalition, USA

  157. Community Alliance for Global Justice, USA

  158. Kenya Food Rights Alliance (KeFRA)

  159. The Second Chance Foundation, USA

  160. Rural Advancement Foundation International, USA

  161. Food Empowerment Project, USA

  162. Research Institute of Agriculture and Peasant Policy – Established by Korean Peasants League & Korean Women Peasant Association,South Korea

  163. Global Justice Ecology Project

  164. Northeast Organic Farming Association of New York (NOFA-NY), USA

  165. Family Farm Defenders, USA

  166. Rural Vermont, USA

  167. Arid Crop Seed Cache, USA

  168. Growth Partners Africa, Kenya

  169. Movement Generation Justice and Ecology Project, Oakland, CA, USA

  170. WhyHunger, USA

  171. National Farmers Union/Union Nationale des Fermiers, Canada

  172. The Oakland Institute, USA

  173. GMWatch, UK

  174. Border Agricultural Workers Project, El Paso, Texas, USA

  175. Community to Community Development, USA

  176. Hawai`i SEED, the Island Chain of Hawai`i

  177. The MOM Hui, the Island Chain of Hawai`i

  178. GMO Free Kaua`i, Kaua`i, Hawai`i

  179. The NETWORK for Sustainable Development Organization, Thailand

  180. African Centre for Biodiversity, South Africa and Tanzania

  181. Food Sovereignty Ghana, Ghana

  182. Pan-Africanist International, Belgium

  183. USC Canada

  184. Organic Seed Growers and Trade Association (OSGATA), USA

  185. Friends of the ATC, USA/Europe/Nicaragua

  186. Red de Semillas “Resembrando e Intercambiando”, Spain

  187. Washington Biotechnology Action Council, Seattle, Washington, USA

  188. Roughwood Seed Collection, Devon, PA, USA

  189. Philadelphia Seed Exchange, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  190. Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN), Canada

  191. Farmworker Association of Florida, USA

  192. Becket Films, USA

  193. CONAMUCA (Confederación Nacional de Mujeres Campesinas), Dominican Republic

  194. Focus on the Global South, Thailand

  195. Urgenci International Network for Community Supported Agriculture

  196. JINUKUN, National Network for Sustainable Management of Genetic Resources, Cotonou, Benin (Focal Point of the Coalition to Protect African Genetic Heritage, COPAGEN)

  197. Friends of the Earth Australia

  198. Semillas de Vida, Mexico

  199. Via Organica, Mexico

  200. BIOTHAI, Thailand

  201. Sustainable Agriculture Foundation, Thailand

  202. Alternative Agriculture Network, Thailand

  203. Thai Climate Justice Working Group, Thailand

  204. Frédéric Prat Inf’OGM France fred@infogm.org

  205. Friends of the MST (US) info@mstbrazil.org

  206. Philip H. Howard Associate Professor of Community Sustainability, Michigan State University  info@mstbrazil.org

  207. Patti Naylor Farmer and Farm Activist, USA edwardsonp0625@gmail.com


*Para suscribir la declaracion enviar un correo al semillasdelpueblovzla@gmail.com

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